Unlike in the old days where producing music was misconceived to be complicated and people would play music in bars to get noticed by producers, nowadays anyone can produce music even at the comfort of their home and it can be a hit overnight. The basics you need to produce music are a computer, headphones and a USB mic. The process of producing music includes:
In older days recording was way simple with no much sophistication. With the changing trends and the high competition in the industry, there is multi track recording which is more sophisticated. In this, each instrument is recorded separately then combined later in a mix. Good this with multi-track recording the sound of each instrument is pronounced independently and each instrument can be recorded one at a time.
In order to start recording you have to first create a track to follow. This can be through setting a tempo, using a pre-recorded drum loop or creating a scratch track.
The rhythm can then be created. The rhythm is the base for any song. To create the rhythm of a song, rhythmic instruments such as drums/bass or acoustic guitar are used.
Record the harmonies. This is basically adding the chord structure and it can be by adding a piano, synths, horns, rhythmic guitar among others depending on the song.
Record the melodies. Many songs use different instruments to create a melody and it is always advisable to start with the most dominant instruments.
Human is to error and the recording has to be polished to be perfect and this can be through editing. Editing involves:
Arrangement: This is basically deciding what works and what doesn’t. This can be through editing tracks that may clutter the song, or moving it to a different part.
Comping: This is where you do comparisons of the duplicate takes of each track in order to select the best.
Noise reduction: As the name suggests it involved reducing noise or cutting sounds before, after and between audio sections when an instrument is playing. This can be removing background noises, amp hissing, footsteps or chair squeaks, breaths or any other destructive noise. In some cases, a high pass filter is added below the frequency range of non-bass instruments to reduce the noise further.
Time editing: This is where off-beat notes are fixed using either cut and paste method or time stretching method. The former works best with percussive instruments while the latter works well with all instruments.
Pitch editing: This can be done through auto tune or other soft wares.
This is blending the tracks so that they are in harmony. It can be through equalization balancing faders, panning, compression, reverb or automation.
Before mastering, all the tracks are recorded in a single stereo file. Some of the techniques that may be used in mastering include: maximizing loudness, balancing frequencies or stereo widening.
As much as recording music looks a complicated process, technology has made it way easier. There are companies that specifically deal with producing beats and the sell rap beats and hip hop instrumentals online among other beats online. All you have to do is to shop a beat and your music production process will be way easier.